CHIARINI, LUIGI°

CHIARINI, LUIGI°
CHIARINI, LUIGI° (1789–1832), Italian abbé, Orientalist, and antisemitic author. Invited to Poland from Tuscany, Chiarini obtained the chair of Oriental languages at Warsaw University through the protection of Potocki, the minister of education. In 1826 he became a member of the government-appointed "Jewish committee." In his Théorie du Judaïsme (1830), Chiarini slandered the Talmud and the rabbinate in the style of johann eisenmenger , and tried to revive the blood libel . He considered that the state should assist the Jews in liberating themselves from the influence of the Talmud. He began a French translation of the Babylonian Talmud under the auspices of Czar Nicolas I, of which two volumes were published (1831), despite protests from both Jewish and Catholic quarters. Among his critics were L. Zunz and M. Jost in Germany and J. Tugenhold in Poland. Chiarini was compelled to give up his project because of the Polish uprising. His other works include a Hebrew grammar, in Latin; a Hebrew-Latin dictionary, and a paper "Dei funerarii degli ebrei polacchi" ("Concerning the Funerals of the Polish Jews," Bologna, 1826). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Nouvelle Biographie Générale, 10 (1854), 294–5; I. Schipper (ed.), Żydzi w Polsce odrodzonej, 1 (1932), 437–44; A. Levinsohn, Toledot Yehudei Varshah (1953), 112–6.

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Chiarini, Luigi — (1900 1975)    Film theorist, teacher, and director. A noted intellectual and a strong advocate of state support for the film industry, Chiarini was appointed as founding director of the Centro Sperimentale di Cinematografia in 1935 and was… …   Guide to cinema

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  • Luigi Chiarini — (* 20. Juli 1900 in Rom; † 12. November 1975 ebenda) war ein italienischer Filmschaffender. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Filmografie (Auswahl) 3 Weblinks …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Chiarini — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Daniele Chiarini (* 1979), italienischer Fußballspieler Gaetano Chiarini (1898–1953), italienischer Politiker Gianfranco Chiarini (* 1966), italienischer Koch Luigi Chiarini (1900–1975), italienischer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Jurys de la Mostra de Venise — Les jury internationaux de 1932 à nos jours de la Mostra de Venise. Sommaire 1 Années 1930 2 Années 1940 3 Années 1950 4 Années 1960 …   Wikipédia en Français

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